Acne is a type of skin disease that is mainly caused due to the excessive secretion of oil called sebum. They usually develop after blackheads or whiteheads become clogged and infected. They may appear as deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) on the face, neck, chest, back and sometimes shoulders. Acne occurs most commonly during adolescence, and often continues into adulthood. In adolescence, acne is usually caused by an increase in testosterone, which people of both genders accrue during puberty. For most people, acne diminishes over time and tends to disappear — or at the very least decrease — after one reaches one's early twenties. There is, however, no way to predict how long it will take to disappear entirely, and some individuals will carry this condition well into their thirties, forties, and beyond.
Some of the large nodules were previously called “cysts” and the term nodulocystic has been used to describe severe cases of inflammatory acne. The “cysts,” or boils that accompany cystic acne, can appear on the buttocks, groin, and armpit area, and anywhere else where sweat collects in hair follicles and perspiration ducts. Cystic acne affects deeper skin tissue than does common acne.
Aside from scarring, its main effects are psychological, such as reduced self-esteem and in very extreme cases, depression or suicide. Acne usually appears during adolescence, when people already tend to be most socially insecure. Early and aggressive treatment is therefore advocated by some to lessen the overall long-term impact to individuals.
Symptoms of Acne
- Scaly red skin
- Blackheads and Whiteheads
- Large Papules
Causes of Acne
- Hormonal activity
- Hyperactive sebaceous glands
- Accumulation of dead skin cells
- Bacteria in the pores
- Skin irritation or scratching of any sort
- Anabolic steroids
- Birth control pills, however many women have reported reduced acne while on the pill
- High levels of chlorine compounds, particularly chlorinated dioxins, often develop severe, long-lasting acne, known as Chloracne
Prevention of Acne
- Keep your hands and hair away from your face.
- Never squeeze or pick your spots.
- Wash acne-prone areas only twice a day.
- Do not allow sweat to linger
- Use an over-the-counter acne cream or gel to help dry excess oil.
- Avoid scratching, pinching & squeezing.
- Avoid taking stress, sleep properly, do more exercise, take warm baths and a balance diet will contributes to physical well being and hence prevent ance.
- Avoid heavy foundation makeup.
- Moisturize your face properly.
- Remove makeup before going to bed.
- Avoid Junk food and drinks
- Shower after exercising or doing strenuous work.
Treatment of Acne
- The patient should resort to an all-fruit diet for about a week
- Unsweetened lemon or plain water, either hot or cold, should be drunk
- Wash face with mild antibacterial soap
- Over washing or scrubbing should be avoided
- Eat a well-balanced diet
- Starchy, protein, fatty foods, Meat, sugar, strong tea or coffee, condiments, pickles, refined and processed foods should all be avoided
- Avoid soft drinks, candies, ice cream and products made with sugar and white flour.
- Sun and air baths, by exposing the whole body to sun and air, are highly beneficial.
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