Anxiety is a psychological and physiological state characterized by somatic, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components. It is the displeasing feeling of fear and concern. Due to the presence or absence of psychological stress, anxiety can create feelings of fear, worry, uneasiness. It is considered to be a normal reaction to a stressor. It may help an individual to deal with a demanding situation by prompting them to cope with it. When anxiety becomes excessive, it may fall under the classification of an anxiety disorder.
There are many types of anxiety disorders:
1- Panic Disorder: People with this condition have feelings of terror that strike suddenly and repeatedly with no warning. Other symptoms of a panic attack include sweating, chest pain, palpitations (irregular heartbeats), and a feeling of choking, which may make the person feel like he or she is having a heart attack or “going crazy.”
2- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: These people are scared by constant thoughts or fears and inreturn they perform certain routines. The disturbing thoughts are called obsessions, and the rituals are called compulsions like cannot bear dust due to which they constantly clean themselves.
3- Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Its a condition that develops due to a traumatic, terrifying event. Events like unexpected dealths, natual disaster, sexual assault can lead a person to post-traumatic stress disorder. People with PTSD often have lasting and frightening thoughts and memories of the event and tend to be emotionally numb.
4- Social Anxiety Disorder/ Social Phobia: It involves over worrying and getting conscious about social situations. The worry often centers on a fear of being judged by others, or behaving in a way that might cause embarrassment.
5- Specific Phobias: Fear of specific objects or situations is termed as specific phobia. Some of these fears includes fear of height, flying, snakes etc. People start avoiding their day to day activities due to these fears.
6- Generalized Anxiety Disorder: This disorder involves excessive, unrealistic worry and tension, even if there is little or nothing to provoke the anxiety.
Symptoms of Anxiety
2- Churning stomach
3- Feelings of panic, fear, and uneasiness
7- Uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts
8- Repeated thoughts or flashbacks of traumatic experiences
10- Frequent urination
11- Ritualistic behaviors, such as repeated hand washing
12- Problems sleeping
14- Cold or sweaty hands and/or feet
15- Shortness of breath
16- Heart Palpitations
17- An inability to be still and calm
18- Dry mouth
19- Numbness or “pins and needles” in arms, hands or legs
21- Muscle tension
Causes of Anxiety
1- Environmental and external factors: Trauma from events such as abuse, or the death of a loved one, Stress in a personal relationship, Stress at work, school, about finances and money, from a natural disaster, Lack of oxygen in high altitude areas
2- Medical factors: Anemia, Asthma, Infections, Several heart conditions, Serious medical illness, Side effects of medication, Symptoms of a medical illness, Lack of oxygen from emphysema, or pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lung)
3- Substance use and abuse: Drugs, Alcohol, withdrawal from an illicit drug or sometimes from prescription drugs like Vicodin, benzodiazepines, or barbiturates
4- Genetics: Sometimes a family history can also take anxiety from a parent to kids.
Self – help Tips for people suffering from Anxiety Disorder
- Spare time for relaxation and fun
- Try to take care of your body
- Write down your worries
- Try to get emotional support
- Try to share your responsibilities
- Ask for help whenever needed
- Accept uncertainty.
- Get enough sleep
- Exercise regularly.
- Reduce alcohol and nicotine.
- Adopt healthy eating habits
Consider a medical help if you are experiencing a lot of problems due to anxiety. Your anxiety can be a possible outcome of medical condition such as asthma, thryroid etc. If not then you should consider consulting a therapist who can help you overcome your anxiety and devise a treatment plan for you.
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