What is Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. It is a common disease that inflames and narrows the airways. It can affect people of any age group but commonly, the disease starts from younger age.
What are the Symptoms of Asthma?
Some of the common symptoms of asthma are:
- Shortness of Breath
- Tightness of the Chest
- Uneasiness while Breathing
If you get these symptoms and they are severe, it is known as ‘Asthma Attack’. Asthma attack is mainly caused by asthma triggers.
What are the Causes of Asthma?
Asthma is a common disease that is affecting most of the people. There are various factors that causes asthma which can be environmental, genetic, medical or any other condition that triggers asthma. The reasons for asthma can vary from person to person. Some of the common reasons of asthma or some of the reasons that triggers asthma include:
- Allergies – Allergic reaction to environmental factors such as pollen from grass, trees etc. Allergies to dust mite. Animal dander or molds. These can trigger Asthma.
- Respiratory Infections such as cold.
- Certain odors from plants, perfumes, cleaning agents etc.
- Tobacco smoking
- Air pollution – polluted air from buses, trucks etc.
- Changes in weather condition
- Certain medications
- Some foods – Asthma can be caused from some foods that use preservatives.
- Genetic – Asthma can be inherited from parent or it can be caused if you have a history of asthma in your family.
How can I Prevent Asthma?
- Identify your asthma triggers and try to avoid it.
- Know your causes of asthma and control it.
- Increase your immunity by eating healthy food. Carrots are considered to be a good immunity builder, specially if given to kids.
- Follow the medicines as prescribed by the doctor.
- Monitor your symptoms of asthma and take proper measures to manage it.
- Control exposure to smoke.
- Make necessary changes in your lifestyle as needed. Take advice from your doctor.
- Manage or control your stress.
- Stay healthy.
How can I Treat Asthma?
Asthma can be diagnosed through one or more tests such as breathing tests, chest x-rays, Lung Function Test as spirometry, allergy test etc. After diagnosis, your doctor will take measures to control your asthma using proper medications. Follow the advice of the doctor to manage your disease.
- There are long term control medicines and quick – relief medicines.
- Quick relief medicines are used to control acute symptoms.
- Quick relief medicines include – Short-acting beta-agonists such as Albuterol and Anticholinergics that gives additional benefits when paired with Short-acting beta-agonists.
- Long term medicines are used to control the symptoms or attack and reduce inflammation.
- Some of the long-term medicines include Inhaled corticosteroids, Cromolyn, Long-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists (LABA), Immunomodulators etc.
- Asthma medicines have side effects. Discuss with your doctor about the side effects.
- Asthma inhalers are one of the common treatments of asthma. The inhalers contain medicines for asthma. It can reduce the symptoms very fast. They are generally safe to use.
- Asthma Nebulizer is a medical equipment used to control asthma. It is used instead of inhalers. It is a machine that contains medicines and uses a nebulizer cup or mask.
Before taking any medication, it is important that you consult a doctor and only take medicines as prescribed by them.
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