Neem is an evergreen plant which can tolerate very high levels of pollution. They are also known as Azadirachta indica or Indian Lilac. It is of family Meliaceae. Neem is a fast growing plant seen in tropical and semi-tropical regions. They have wide and spreading branches. The fruits and seeds of the plant are the source of neem oil. In India, the plant is variously known as “Sacred Tree,”, “Village Pharmacy” etc.
Benefits Of Neem Plant:
The seeds, bark and leaves of the plant have antiseptic, antiviral, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer and antifungal uses.
It has major role in ayurveda and unani medicines.
It can control high blood sugar level and is said to clean up the blood.
Neem oil is used for pest control. It has medicinal properties too.
They are used for treating many skin diseases.
Neem oil is used in making shampoos, toothpaste, soaps, cosmetics, mosquito repellants, creams and lotions etc.
Neem leaves are used to treat chickenpox.
Neem and its extracts are also taken internally as medicines.
It can fight against skin infections.
It is treated as a sacred plant and used for hindu festivals in India.
How to Grow A Neem Plant:
1- A Neem plant can be grown in pots or grounds. But if growing in a pot, they should be grown in larger pots.
2- It has adapted to a wide range of climates.
3- They grow in almost all types of soils.
4- They need little water and plenty of sunlight.
5- Although a neem plant is found less infected by pests, still a potted neem plant can repel pests. You need to take care of that. Along with that also ensure that it does not affect the neighbouring plants.
6- Fertilisation can be done for their optimum growth.
7- Avoid over watering as it can damage the plant.
Neem trees are grown widely in India. They act as very efficient, natural air filters trapping dust particles, absorbing gaseous pollutants. Trees vary widely in their capacity to absorb pollutants. The neem tree can improve the soil fertility and water-holding capacity.
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