What is cataract?
Cataract is an eye condition where the eye lens start becoming opaque leading to blurry vision. It is very common among people above 40 years. A cataract can occur in any one or both eyes. With growing age, most of the people face this condition. If untreated a person might not be able to see clearly or might have complete vision loss. In the initial days, doctors use to tell the patient to wait until the entire lens become complete opaque, however, with the advancement of technology, a person should immediately undergo the surgery and get treatment without any complications.
What are the various causes of cataract?
Cataract is caused by the chemical changes of the eye which affect the lens that becomes cloudy. It can be caused due to:
- Hereditary Factors
- Age Factor
- Eye Injuries
- Usage of any drugs – over usage of some types of drugs like steroids.
- Excessive Exposure to UV Rays
- Too Much Alcohol Intake
- High Myopia
What are the preventive measures to control cataract?
Exact prevention for cataract is not yet known. But some methods that can delay or reduce the risk include,
- Have foods containing vitamins for eye, especially vitamin C and E
- Eat healthy foods including fresh leafy vegetables and fruits
- Control the diseases like diabetes or do earlier detection and treatment for such diseases that affects eye.
- Use sunglasses so that UV rays may not directly affect your eyes
What are the symptoms that shows you suffer from cataract?
- Cloudy or Blurry Vision
- Glare – It is the discomfort of the eye when looking at sunlight, lamp, headlights etc. It may appear too bright or with glare like halos around the light.
- Colors appear faded
- Double Vision
How is cataract diagnosed?
If you have any of the above symptoms consult an ophthalmologist / eye doctor. The doctor will diagnose cataract by a comprehensive set of tests. They will dilate your eyes and check your eyes to understand if you have developed cataract.
What are the available treatment options for cataract?
Cataract as soon as found is treated by an eye surgery where the cloudy lens is removed and in place of that a new artificial lens is put by an ophthalmologist. It is an uncomplicated surgery which is commonly done these days. Normally the doctors keep a gap of around a week between the two eyes surgery. The patient is prescribed some medicines as well as precautions to be followed after the surgery.
After the surgery, patients return to their normal day to day activity in a short span of time. With the advancements in the lens technology, patients can chose with their ophthalmologists the available lens options that might suit their eyes. If the lens suits the patient, they can also treat their far and near vision numbers with the change of lenses.
For more details on treatment options, please consult your ophthalmologist.
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