Hemorrhoids are vascular structures in the anal canal which help with stool control. They become piles when swollen or inflamed. This common problem can be painful, but it’s usually not serious. The symptoms of hemorrhoids depend on the type present. Internal hemorrhoids usually present with painless rectal bleeding while external hemorrhoids present with pain in the area of the anus.
External hemorrhoids are located under the skin around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids develop in the lower rectum
Symptoms of Hemorrhoids
- Rectal Pain
- Discomfort while passing stool
Causes of Hemorrhoids
- Low Fiber Diet
- Prolonged sitting on the toilet
- Increased intra-abdominal pressure
- Chronic straining to have a bowel movement
- Pregnancy : during the last six months
- Absence of valves within the hemorrhoidal veins
Prevention of Hemorrhoids
- Include fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains in your diet each day. These foods are high in fiber.
- Keep stools soft so they pass easily
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Proper Exercise
- Avoid lifting heavy objects
- Take fiber supplements
- Eat food with high fiber
- Schedule time each day for a bowel movement
- Avoid holding your breath while passing stools.
Treatment of Hemorrhoid
- Increasing fiber intake
- Oral fluids to maintain hydration
- NSAID analgesics
- Sitz baths
- Surgery if recommended by a doctor
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