What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver. It is a serious liver disease that causes liver inflammation and damage. The infection can lead to both acute and chronic diseases.
What are the Causes of Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV can be chronically infected and have the risk of liver cancer and death.
How is it Transmitted?
The Hepatitis B Virus is transmitted in many ways such as:
- Through contact with the infected person.
- Through injections – Reuse of needle used for the infected person.
- From mother to child – It can be infected from infected mother to child at birth.
- Sexual contact with infected person.
- Using contaminated medical / personal equipments (razors, scissors, toothbrush etc) with infected blood.
- Hepatitis B will not spread through food, drinks, kissing, hugging, cough, sneezing etc.
What are the Symptoms of Hepatitis B?
Mostly, people affected with hepatitis B may not have any symptoms . But some people may have symptoms like:
- Joint Pain
- Abdominal Pain
- Dark Urine
- Jaundice – Yellowing of the skin etc.
How is Hepatitis B Diagnosed?
Hepatitis B is diagnosed through blood tests. You may need to perform tests for your liver as suggested by the doctor. Your doctor may ask about your family history, if anybody in the family had any infection earlier etc.
What are the Treatment Options of Hepatitis B?
After the diagnosis doctor will recommend you the treatment according to your severity of the disease. For acute hepatitis B there is no specific treatment. Your doctor will suggest:
- Proper Rest
- Balance and Healthy Diet
- Healthy Eating
- Intake of Adequate Nutrients
- Drink Plenty of Water
- Avoid Alcohol
- Chronic hepatitis B is treated with drugs or medicines. The treatment depends on the intensity of the liver damage. You should strictly follow the advice of the doctor.
How can Hepatitis B be Prevented?
- Hepatitis B can be prevented using Hepatitis B vaccine. WHO recommends that all infants receive the Hepatitis B vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours.
- A combined vaccine of Hepatitis B and A is available.
- Pregnant ladies should have a test of Hepatitis B.
- Do not use reused needles.
- Do not have sexual contact with affected person.
- Avoid the transmitting situations of hepatitis B.
Digital Marketer, Mumpreneur, Blogger and Business Coach.