The heart is a powerful organ made of cardiac muscle in the size of a human fist. It pumps blood throughout the body. Blood travels through blood vessels and provides oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body. It also carries carbon dioxide / wastes from the body cells and return to the heart. The heart then pumps blood to the lungs where it gives away carbon dioxide and picks up oxygen. The respiratory system allows the body to take-in oxygen and expels carbon dioxide.
What are the common heart diseases?
Heart disease is a disorder that affects heart. The common heart diseases include:
- High blood pressure (hypertension): High blood pressure is the excessive force of blood pumping through your blood vessels. It can cause various heart diseases.
- Heart Attack: Heart attack occurs when the supply of blood to the heart becomes blocked and thereby the body cannot receive enough oxygen supply.
- Heart Failure: Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
- Rheumatic Heart Disease: Rheumatic heart disease is the damage caused to one or more heart valves due to rheumatic fever.
- Cardiomyopathy and Coronary Heart Disease: Cardiomyopathy is the disease of the heart muscles and coronary heart disease is the disease of the blood vessels that supplies oxygen and blood to heart.
- Inflammatory heart disease, tumors of the heart, congenital heart disease etc. are other heart diseases.
What is Heart Attack and Why does it happen?
Heart attack occurs when there is prolonged blockage of blood supply to the heart that carries oxygen. Some causes of heart attack are:
- Age factor
- High Blood Pressure
What are the symptoms of Heart Attack?
- Chest Pain
- Chest Discomfort
- Heart Burning etc.
The symptoms and risk factors of heart attack are not always same in men and women. Women have higher risk of heart disease than men. Other than the common symptoms, women can experience trouble in breathing, back pain, headache, weakness, dizziness, or a cold sweat etc. Discomfort, pain in arms, sweating, irregular heartbeat, nausea etc. are some symptoms seen in men.
How can we prevent Heart Diseases?
Heart diseases can be prevented or controlled by following healthy lifestyle. Changes in lifestyle can lower the risk factors of a heart disease.
- Eating a healthy diet
- Managing blood pressure and diabetics
- Stress Management
- Regular Exercises
- Managing Weight
- Quitting Smoking & Alcohol Consumption
- For a healthy diet include vegetables, fruits and proteins in your daily food.
- Eat more fiber rich content and avoid too much of salt.
- Physical activities in any form of exercise can reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Exercise regularly 30 mins in a day.
- Have good sleep and manage stress.
- Maintain healthy body weight and stay active.
- Survive heart diseases and live healthier life.
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