A root canal treatment is a dental procedure used to save or repair a badly infected or damaged tooth.
The tooth has two anatomical parts – crown and the root. Crown is a part of the tooth that is covered with enamel and it is part that is visible in the mouth. Root is the part that is embedded in the jaw. A tooth may have one or more roots. A tooth is consisted of hard and soft tissues. They are enamel, dentin, cementum and dental pulp. An enamel is a hardest substance and it covers the tooth. Dentin which forms the highest portion of tooth is the layer under the enamel. Cementum is a hard tissue that covers the root of the tooth. A dental pulp in the centre of the tooth is a soft connective tissue that contains blood vessels and nerves.
A root canal treatment is needed when the pulp is infected or injured. It is a process of removing the infected pulp from the root canal system, cleaning it and shaping it by filling and sealing.
Why is a Root Canal needed?
A doctor can advise you a root canal treatment in any of the below cases:
- Deep Infection
- Any Damage to the Tooth / Cracked Tooth
- Dental Injury
- Deep Cavity
What are the symptoms that shows you need a Root Canal Treatment?
You might need a Root Canal Treatment if you face any of the below issues:
- Tooth Pain which may worsen when biting
- Prolonged Sensitivity to hot or cold food or drink
- Triggering Pain
- Swelling or Infection in the Gums
If you have any of the symptoms consult a dentist. He will suggest you to take an X-ray and according to the diagnosis based on this, you may or may not undergo a root canal treatment.
Is Root Canal a painful procedure?
A root canal treatment involves more than one sitting. It is a painless treatment that may sometimes need local anesthesia. Pain can be felt before the treatment due to the infected tooth.
Is Root Canal a safe procedure?
Undergoing a Root Canal treatment with an expert dentist is absolutely a safe procedure. Speak to your doctor about all pros and cons of a root canal treatment.
Is cap needed after Root Canal?
A cap or crown is put after root canal treatment to avoid the damage and re-infection of the tooth. Root canal treatments are also performed without using a cap. But to ensure the protection of the tooth it is good to use a crown or cap. It gives an extra protection and restore the natural look of the tooth. However, whether you need a cap or not depends upon your tooth location. Consult your doctor to understand whether you need a cap or not.
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