Yeast infection is a common fungal infection caused by Candida or yeast. It can affect any part of your body. Yeast infection in mouth is called thrush. Yeast infection of the genitals is called vaginal yeast infection. Yeast infection can affect your skin also.
What is Vaginal Yeast infection?
Vaginal yeast infection or Vaginitis is an infection of the vagina extremely common in women. Men can also get yeast on the penis. There are different types of vaginal yeast infection. It is caused by the overgrowth of Candida or yeast cells in the vagina.
What are the Causes of Vaginal Infection?
A healthy vagina has a normal amount of Candida. Infections or some other causes makes the overgrowth of Candida in vagina which leads to Vaginal yeast infection. There are several reasons that change the balance of the normal number of yeast cells in vagina. Some of them are:
- Use of antibiotics
- Use of birth control pills
- Some health conditions like diabetes, HIV infection etc.
- Unhealthy lifestyle
What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Yeast Infection?
Some of the common symptoms seen in vaginal yeast infection are:
- Itching in vagina
- Burning sensation in vagina
- White thick discharge
- Pain during intercourse
How is it Diagnosed of Vaginal Yeast Infection?
If there are symptoms of vaginal yeast infection, then consult your doctor immediately. He will ask you about your health history and do various laboratory and physical examinations as needed.
How is Vaginal Infection Treated?
The treatment of vaginal yeast infection depends on the severity of the infection and its type. There are anti fungal creams and pills to treat vaginal yeast infection. Many of them are available without prescription. If it is not a mild infection, consult the doctor and he can recommend you the best treatment method. Pregnant women should consult doctor for yeast infection before using any antibiotics or pills. Alternative therapies are also available to treat yeast infection.
How can it be Prevented?
Vaginal yeast infection can be prevented in various ways. You can reduce the risk by:
- Practicing a good hygiene
- Avoid wearing tight fitting underwear
- Avoid using clothes or synthetics such as nylon
- Avoid douches
- Wear loose fitting and cotton underwear
- Have a healthy diet
- Avoid using feminine products like deodorant pads or perfumed douches
- Avoid frequent hot tub bath
- Change swimming suits or wets cloths immediately